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The Sumerians: A History From Beginning to End (Mesopotamia History Book 1)

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The Sumerians * * *Download for FREE on Kindle Unlimited + Free BONUS Inside!* * * Read On Your Computer, MAC, Smartphone, Kindle Reader, iPad, or Tablet. The Sumerians settled in the area known as Mesopotamia, between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, around five thousand years ago. They produced many fundamental changes to the way in which human societies developed—th The Sumerians * * *Download for FREE on Kindle Unlimited + Free BONUS Inside!* * * Read On Your Computer, MAC, Smartphone, Kindle Reader, iPad, or Tablet. The Sumerians settled in the area known as Mesopotamia, between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, around five thousand years ago. They produced many fundamental changes to the way in which human societies developed—these were the first city-builders, the first people to use wheeled vehicles, the first methodical astronomers, and the first people to develop a sophisticated written language. The Sumerians also produced art, music, and literature as well as created some of the first professional soldiers the world had ever seen. But for all that we know about the Sumerians, one central mystery remains: We have no idea where the Sumerians came from when they suddenly arrived in Mesopotamia five thousand years ago. Many people have put forward answers ranging from the plausible to the esoteric to the (literally) out of this world, but none of the solutions suggested to date appears to provide a complete or final answer. Inside you will read about... ✓ The Black Heads Arrive ✓ The Conquest of Sumer ✓ Sumerian Society and Religion ✓ Technology and Writing ✓ Music and Art ✓ Mysteries of the Sumerians And much more! When looking at how Homo sapiens have developed from primitive tribes of hunter-gatherers to today’s urban dwellers, the Sumerians represent one of the biggest and most dramatic single periods of change ever achieved by the human race. This is the story of the advanced, ingenious, and mysterious Sumerians.


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The Sumerians * * *Download for FREE on Kindle Unlimited + Free BONUS Inside!* * * Read On Your Computer, MAC, Smartphone, Kindle Reader, iPad, or Tablet. The Sumerians settled in the area known as Mesopotamia, between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, around five thousand years ago. They produced many fundamental changes to the way in which human societies developed—th The Sumerians * * *Download for FREE on Kindle Unlimited + Free BONUS Inside!* * * Read On Your Computer, MAC, Smartphone, Kindle Reader, iPad, or Tablet. The Sumerians settled in the area known as Mesopotamia, between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, around five thousand years ago. They produced many fundamental changes to the way in which human societies developed—these were the first city-builders, the first people to use wheeled vehicles, the first methodical astronomers, and the first people to develop a sophisticated written language. The Sumerians also produced art, music, and literature as well as created some of the first professional soldiers the world had ever seen. But for all that we know about the Sumerians, one central mystery remains: We have no idea where the Sumerians came from when they suddenly arrived in Mesopotamia five thousand years ago. Many people have put forward answers ranging from the plausible to the esoteric to the (literally) out of this world, but none of the solutions suggested to date appears to provide a complete or final answer. Inside you will read about... ✓ The Black Heads Arrive ✓ The Conquest of Sumer ✓ Sumerian Society and Religion ✓ Technology and Writing ✓ Music and Art ✓ Mysteries of the Sumerians And much more! When looking at how Homo sapiens have developed from primitive tribes of hunter-gatherers to today’s urban dwellers, the Sumerians represent one of the biggest and most dramatic single periods of change ever achieved by the human race. This is the story of the advanced, ingenious, and mysterious Sumerians.

30 review for The Sumerians: A History From Beginning to End (Mesopotamia History Book 1)

  1. 4 out of 5

    Tom Walsh

    Quick reference These books are amazing. In a quantitative, yet still qualitative method, they can be the reader’s introduction to many topics. In this case, the Sumerian culture is presented . There is informative, clear writing, and, like a classroom lecture, it is scholarly and fact-filled. There are even quotes such as: “For his pleasure he got married. On his thinking it over he got divorced.” —Sumerian proverb. Five stars!

  2. 4 out of 5

    stephanie suh

    I have always been interested in this mysterious ancient people who were the first inventor of the systematic written language in the history of human civilization. No eminent academics have ascertained where they were from. Subsequently, many a civilization claimed to be their descendants, ranging from the Caucasians to the Indians and even to the Far Easterners. But one thing is certain that the civilization of this enigmatic people merits itself as the cradle of civilization on the grounds of I have always been interested in this mysterious ancient people who were the first inventor of the systematic written language in the history of human civilization. No eminent academics have ascertained where they were from. Subsequently, many a civilization claimed to be their descendants, ranging from the Caucasians to the Indians and even to the Far Easterners. But one thing is certain that the civilization of this enigmatic people merits itself as the cradle of civilization on the grounds of the following characteristics: (1) social structure based upon diverse economic sectors; (2) religious system concomitant with system of government; (3) advances in technology contributing to the cultural and scientific enterprises; and (4) written language, which is the bedrock of any known human civilization. They were the Sumerians. In fact, the Sumerian legacies are the sine qua non of a broad substratum of our modern cultural and social infrastructure. Notwithstanding such contributions, the Sumerians are still veiled in mysterious mist; no one knows for sure where these people came from and then vanished, leaving us with their brilliant legacies as their gifts to human history. Which makes the Sumerians all the more interesting and enigmatic as vividly and elegantly related in this book. The Sumerian civilization burgeoned in the area between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, also known as one of the River-Valley Civilizations, in modern day Iraq for almost 4,000 years. The staging of the Sumerians in history was akin to a dramatic entrance of a dark horse on stage. In around 3,300 B.C. a group of outsiders with “straight black heads” from nowhere, and they called themselves “Sumerians.” However shady and murky their backgrounds might be, the Sumerians were already smart and practical when they arrived at the land with their already fully developed written language and scientific knowledge, especially on irrigation systems. To elucidate, the priests oversaw the design and building of irrigation systems as something of civil engineers who also controlled the building of embankments to prevent flooding of agricultural land during rainy season in order to allow the rapid transport of produce from farms to cities. In fact, these two inventions are regarded as the most highly advanced and influential enterprises that betoken their cultural sophistication and engineering feats that are hardly inferior to those of ours in modern time. The irrigation resulted from a need of bringing water from the rivers to the fields, and the whole procedure was exclusively operated by the priests, who negotiated with farmers for water supply in exchange of a portion of the harvested crop. With respect to the writing system, it is known as “the cuniform” engraved in the form of wedge-shaped markings made in wet clay using sharp reeds. And this the necessity of writing came from an accounting need of recording the amounts of agricultural produce. But the Sumerian writing was more than a language of commerce. It also blossomed into an art of literature modeled for other writings, such as famous biblical stories of the Garden of Eden, the Ark of Noah, and the Book of Job were all based upon Sumerian stories allegedly based upon true events that had occurred to them. Also, the words “saffron” and “cane” we use today are derived from the cuniform. Since Sumerians also instituted farming of the land, instead of being a nomadic hunter-gather people, they established a village as a permanent settlement, which begot food surpluses, creating diverse social structures, including a compartmentalized class system and various types of work unrelated to farming. Sumerians also produced the first codes of law and the first written literature in the form of pieces of writing, such as the Sumerian proverbs as wittingly inserted in the beginning of every chapter of this book. For instance, on the subject of married life one Sumerian man uttered thus: “For his pleasure he got married. On his thinking it over, he got divorced.”Which also bespeaks a permission of divorce in Sumerian society. Sumerians treasured monogamous marriage in which a man gave gifts to the bride and her family upon agreement to a marriage contract. Besides, women were not confined in domestic restraints; they could work as scribes, weavers, and proprietress of businesses. There were four strata of social class in Sumerian society as follows: Nobles: Senior priests and warriors and their families who owned the most of the land. The nobles distinguished themselves by resplendent clothing made of fine fabrics and impressive jewelry with their shaved heads. They all lived in temples and palaces in the center of the cities where the irrigation systems and commercial centers were located. Commoners: Traders, artisans, merchants, scribes, and craftsmen. In fact, scribes were held in high esteem because of their dual role as accountants. Commoners also owned a small portion of land. Clients: Senior administrators and temple personnel working for nobles who lived in small houses in highly congested streets close to the city walls or outside cities on farms. Slaves: Manual laborers who were prisoners of war or sold into slavery due to the inability to pay the debts. Also, fathers of free people could sell their children into slavery to raise the funds. (So Thomas Hardy’s Mayor of Casterbridge in which a man sold his wife and daughter in a public market had its legal foundation in the Sumerian practice.) However, slaves could merry free people and purchase manumission themselves. The emergence of the above-referenced class system indicates that the Sumerian economic infrastructure was constituted by a variety of business sectors developed in the cities with food surpluses, highly advanced irrigation systems to transport water from the rivers to the farms, and solid military prowess endowed by professional solders and inventions of steel chariots used at war for the first time in history. In conclusion, the Sumerian contributions to our modern civilization as a collective enterprise are deeply entrenched in many aspects of our life, whether or not we know or even care, because well, let’s face it, history is written by a winner, a victor, a survivor who lives to tell beyond the boundaries of time and space. In this regard, the Sumerians might not be ostentatious de riguer per se victors because just like their mysterious origin, their demise as a sovereign entity with their direct descendants to whom their cultural artifacts and legacies stunned the proliferation of its heritage. Nonetheless, the Sumerian civilization bestrides one of the world’s most significant ancient civilizations that left indelible marks on our cumulative cultural progress as elliptically put by the following Sumerian proverb: “What comes out from the heart of the tree is known by the heart of the tree.” You see, the Sumerians were indeed brilliant. Nothing could be further from the truth.

  3. 4 out of 5

    Tim Downs

    Helpful This is a great first step for getting an overview of ancient middle eastern history. It needs to be edited for typos and repetition, but it is very readable. The material is handled well and concise. Recommend.

  4. 5 out of 5

    Ruth clarke

    Very interesting insight into the Sumerians. The fact that they were so civilised and advanced 5 thousand years ago, and that nobody can trace where they came from originally is something i was not aware of. they arrived in the Middle East, with advanced knowledge of writing, music, mathematics and knowledge of how to trace and map the appearance of an asteroid in Austria with an exact date, 29 June, 3123 BCE. Quite an educational experience!

  5. 4 out of 5

    Jer Wilcoxen

    An excellent primer for beginners... For what it is, it's well written. Meant for absolute beginners in learning ancient history, it's easy to read and succinctly written. There's a bit of wild speculation at the end; but all in all, a fine summary of the Sumerians. Good refresher if you haven't read anything about them since your Early Western Civilizations class in college; not worth reading you're any more advanced than that. An excellent primer for beginners... For what it is, it's well written. Meant for absolute beginners in learning ancient history, it's easy to read and succinctly written. There's a bit of wild speculation at the end; but all in all, a fine summary of the Sumerians. Good refresher if you haven't read anything about them since your Early Western Civilizations class in college; not worth reading you're any more advanced than that.

  6. 5 out of 5

    John W Hodgkin

    More questions than answers! This book albeit short was fascinating ! Although it begs more questions than it has answers for. Out of one or two million cuneiform tablets, only 60,000 have been deciphered! Why? Surely there has to be more interest than this shows. No one knows where the Sumerians came from! I would like to know. Anyone that reads this book and is not intrigued probably knows nothing about Quantum mechanics either.

  7. 5 out of 5

    Ben

    Very concise and readable overview of ancient Sumer and its people For what this book is (an overiew of ancient Sumeria), it is very well written. It covers many macro aspects (geography, religion, class structure, etc) of ancient Sumeria, all while writing in very accessible language. Highly recommended for a quick overview of the Sumerians.

  8. 5 out of 5

    Carol E. Dunham

    Love History Again! Thought this would be a time consuming, possibly dry read but it was so well written though concise, and engaging. Hadn't heard of Hourly History before and I now look forward to reading all their books. Many are free, on Kindle Unlimited, and offered at a low price for those they sell. Glad I happened upon this book and site. Love History Again! Thought this would be a time consuming, possibly dry read but it was so well written though concise, and engaging. Hadn't heard of Hourly History before and I now look forward to reading all their books. Many are free, on Kindle Unlimited, and offered at a low price for those they sell. Glad I happened upon this book and site.

  9. 4 out of 5

    Billeen Carlson

    Better than Wikipedia Short & sweet overview of the Sumerians, this little treatise encompasses all the greatest hits with evident scholarly rigor. Perfect for a refresher or for a secondary student.

  10. 4 out of 5

    Don Carfagno

    Short and to the point Good overview of Sumer and it's people. I don't think the origin chapter needed an overview of alien creation of the Sumerians. Considering the length of the paper something of greater relevance could have been included instead of aliens. Fun short read. Short and to the point Good overview of Sumer and it's people. I don't think the origin chapter needed an overview of alien creation of the Sumerians. Considering the length of the paper something of greater relevance could have been included instead of aliens. Fun short read.

  11. 4 out of 5

    Tim

    This is an interesting little book that offers a good introduction to the history of the Sumerians. It is helped by the fact that this is a very interesting and intriguing subject. Inexpensive Kindle book that you can read in an hour or less. Recommend.

  12. 4 out of 5

    ricard flay

    Who wrote this and what is their expertise? Without this information how do I know this wasn't an elaborate cut and paste from Wikipedia? Who wrote this and what is their expertise? Without this information how do I know this wasn't an elaborate cut and paste from Wikipedia?

  13. 4 out of 5

    Sherri Concannon

    Great read Great read, very interesting. I will read the rest of the series. Short, but we'll developed stories that make history fun to read Great read Great read, very interesting. I will read the rest of the series. Short, but we'll developed stories that make history fun to read

  14. 5 out of 5

    Zoltán Horváth

    Simple but enjoyable Easy to understand Not too complex Has many interesting points But why we do not get the images about articles

  15. 5 out of 5

    Alejandro Aedo

    Ur-Nammu. Me gusta la historia de Mesopotamia, tiene errores de ortografía pero se puede leer y aprendan historia. 🏠 🐎🐟🌾🏞️ Gracias.

  16. 4 out of 5

    Ashley Pauls

    Interesting I liked learning about the Sumerians. There's a lot of infomation packed into a small book. I thoroughly enjoyed learning about their belief systems. Interesting I liked learning about the Sumerians. There's a lot of infomation packed into a small book. I thoroughly enjoyed learning about their belief systems.

  17. 4 out of 5

    Shandra

    Good read. Didn't agree with everything, but a good overview. Good read. Didn't agree with everything, but a good overview.

  18. 5 out of 5

    Nuno Godinho

    A very fast read that gives you a complete insight of the Sumerians. It's like a resume of the most important facts, and put it in a very straight to the point way. A very fast read that gives you a complete insight of the Sumerians. It's like a resume of the most important facts, and put it in a very straight to the point way.

  19. 4 out of 5

    Scott Hoit

    Quick, but good read. A good refresher on the Sumerians. It was an easy read to get a quick refresher on the Sumerians before I move onto later ancient civilizations.

  20. 4 out of 5

    Roopkumar Balachandran

    Good book for starters Concise and beautiful account of Sumerian history fell in love with the subject especially their origin and cuneiform tablets thanks to hourly history.

  21. 5 out of 5

    Renee Svendsen

    Best of the Hourly History series.

  22. 4 out of 5

    David Dirks

  23. 5 out of 5

    Tee

  24. 4 out of 5

    Hallie Gannon

  25. 5 out of 5

    Micah

  26. 5 out of 5

    James

  27. 4 out of 5

    Tamieka Fruitofthepoisonoustree

  28. 5 out of 5

    John

  29. 4 out of 5

    Alyssa Wilburn

  30. 4 out of 5

    Ronald Richmond

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